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Эволюция концепции смены режима и информационные войны XXI века

https://doi.org/10.46272/2587-8476-2020-11-4-72-90

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Аннотация

Хотя информация не является новым явлением, сопровождающим вооруженные конфликты, скорость ее распространения и влияния на широкую аудиторию и, следовательно, ее потенциальная опасность растет в связи с быстрым развитием информационно-коммуникационных технологий. Примеры смены режима и информационных войн существуют в истории организованных человеческих обществ с давних времен. Проведенный обзор научной литературы демонстрирует сегодня большой интерес к этим концепциям в академическом, политическом и практическом планах. В настоящей статье предпринята попытка проследить эволюцию концептуального осмысления смены режима и проблематики информационной войны, а также ставится задача выявить факторы, влияющие на связь информационной политики и смены режимов. Высокий уровень развития информационно-коммуникационных технологий и сохраняющееся глобальное лидерство позволили Соединенным Штатам участвовать в смене неугодных правительств и информационных войнах более эффективно, хотя и не без рисков. Автор рассматривает наиболее показательные примеры такого воздействия и на их основе приходит к выводу о том, что мы наблюдаем сдвиг мотивации от наступательной позиции (стремление распространить влияние) к оборонительной (стремление помешать другим международным акторам добиться сходного влияния в мировой политике) на глобальном уровне.

Об авторе

Г. Саймонс
Институт российских и евразийских исследований Уппсальского университета; Гуманитарный институт Уральского федерального университета в Екатеринбурге
Швеция

Грег Саймонс, доцент и научный сотрудник Института российских и евразийских исследований Уппсальского университета; ведущий научный сотрудник Гуманитарного института Уральского федерального университета в Екатеринбурге

O. Box 256, SE-751 05 Уппсала,

620002, Уральский федеральный округ, Свердловская область, Екатеринбург, ул. Мира, 19



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Для цитирования:


Саймонс Г. Эволюция концепции смены режима и информационные войны XXI века. Международная аналитика. 2020;11(4):72-90. https://doi.org/10.46272/2587-8476-2020-11-4-72-90

For citation:


Simons G. The Evolution of Regime Change and Information Warfare in the 21st Century. Journal of International Analytics. 2020;11(4):72-90. https://doi.org/10.46272/2587-8476-2020-11-4-72-90

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ISSN 2541-9633 (Online)