Preview

Международная аналитика

Расширенный поиск

Исторический институционализм и эволюция внешней политики Европейского союза после окончания холодной войны

https://doi.org/10.46272/2587-8476-2021-12-3-72-86

Полный текст:

Аннотация

В данной статье утверждается, что исторический институционализм – с его акцентом на таких концептах, как зависимость от предшествующего развития, время, непрерывность и изменение, критические моменты и непредвиденные последствия – служит ценным теоретическим инструментом для объяснения того, почему и как Европейский союз трансформировался из исключительно экономического союза в течение первых сорока лет своего существования в направлении политического союза с глобальной внешнеполитической повесткой дня в период после холодной войны. Через анализ эволюции внешней политики ЕС после 1989 г. и рассмотрение политики ЕС в отношении Восточной Европы автор утверждает, что участие Брюсселя в мировой политике уже давно находится в процессе становления. В частности, выделяются четыре элемента, которые определили и продолжают определять внешнеполитический портфель ЕС: во-первых, успешная экономическая интеграция в первые сорок лет существования Европейского союза; во-вторых, логика интеграции через институционализацию, которая двигала интеграцию в ЕС с 1952 г.; в-третьих, неформальное европейское политическое сотрудничество, свидетельствующее о появлении негласных норм и правил проведения внешнеполитической координации; и, в-четвертых, риторическая приверженность региону Центральной и Восточной Европы до 1989 г.

Об авторе

М. Нойман
Университет Гронингена
Нидерланды

Марек Нойман, Факультет искусств, кафедра международных отношений и международной организации

716, 9700 AS, Гронинген


Конфликт интересов:

Автор заявляет об отсутствии потенциального конфликта интересов



Список литературы

1. Averre, Derek. “Competing Rationalities: Russia, the EU and the ‘Shared Neighbourhood’.” EuropeAsia Studies 61, no. 10 (2009): 1689–1713. https://doi.org/10.1080/09668130903278918.

2. Bassompierre, Guy de. Changing the Guard in Brussels. New York: Praeger, 1988.

3. Bechev, Dimitar. “Understanding the Contest between the EU and Russia in their Shared Neighborhood.” Problems of Post-Communism 62, no. 6 (2015): 340–349. https://doi.org/10.1080.10758216.2015.1067751.

4. Capoccia, Giovanni, and R. Daniel Kelemen. “The Study of Critical Junctures: Theory, Narrative and Counterfactuals in Historical Institutionalism.” World Politics 59, no. 3: 341–369. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0043887100020852.

5. Cadier, David. “Eastern Partnership vs Eurasian Union? The EU–Russia Competition in the Shared Neighbourhood and the Ukraine Crisis.” Global Policy 5, no. 1 (2014): 76–85. https://doi.org/10.1111.1758-5899.12152.

6. Casier, Tom. “The Unintended Consequences of a European Neighbourhood Policy without Russia.” The International Spectator 54, no. 1 (2019): 76–88. https://doi.org/10.1080.03932729.2019.1555224.

7. Chebankova, Elena. “Russia’s Idea of the Multipolar World Order: Origins and Main Dimensions.” Post-Soviet Aff airs 33, no. 3 (2017): 217–234. https://doi.org/10.1080.1060586X.2017.1293394.

8. Chin, Gregory. “The Emerging Countries and China in the G20: Reshaping Global Economic Governance.” Studia Diplomatica 63, no. 2 (2010): 105–123.

9. Christiansen, Thomas, and Amy Verdun. “Historical Institutionalism in the Study of European Integration.” In Oxford Encyclopedia of European Union Politics, edited by Finn Laurse, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2020. Comelli, Michele. “The Challenges of the European Neighbourhood Policy.” The International Spectator 39, no. 3 (2004): 97–110. https://doi.org/10.1080/03932720408457087.

10. Cooper, Andrew F. and Daniel Flemes. “Foreign Policy Strategies of Emerging Powers in a Multipolar World: An Introductory Review.” Third World Quarterly 34, no. 6 (2013): 943–962. https://doi.org/10.1080.01436597.2013.802501.

11. Cronberg, Tarja. “No EU, no Iran Deal: The EU’s Choice between Multilateralism and the Transatlantic Link.” The Nonproliferation Review 24, no. 3–4: 243–259. https://doi.org/10.1080/10736700.2018.1432321.

12. Dias, Vanda Amaro. “The EU and Russia: Competing Discourses, Practices and Interests in the Shared Neighbourhood.” Perspectives on European Politics and Society 14, no. 2 (2013): 256–271. https://doi.org/10.1080.15705854.2013.785261.

13. Delcour, Laure. “Between the Eastern Partnership and Eurasian Integration: Explaining Post-Soviet Countries’ Engagement in (Competing) RegionBuilding Projects.” Problems of Post-Communism 62, no. 6 (2015): 316–327. https://doi.org/10.1080/10758216.2015.1057075.

14. Delcour, Laure. “Dealing with the Elephant in the Room: The EU, Its ‘Eastern Neighbourhood’ and Russia.” Contemporary Politics 24, no. 1 (2018): 14–29. https://doi.org/10.1080/13569775.2017.1408169.

15. Flemes, Daniel. “India-Brazil-South Africa (IBSA) in the New Global Order: Interest, Strategies and Values of the Emerging Coalition.” International Studies 46, no. 4 (2011): 401–421. https://doi.org/10.1177/002088171004600402.

16. Gehring, Thomas, Kevin Urbanski, and Sebastian Oberthür. “The European Union as an Inadvertent Great Power: EU Actorness and the Ukraine Crisis.” Journal of Common Market Studies 55, no. 4 (2017): 727–743. https://doi.org/10.1111/jcms.12530.

17. Giandomenico, Jessica. “Path Dependency in EU Enlargement: Macedonia’s Candidate Status from a Historical Institutionalist Perspective.” European Foreign Aff airs Review 14, no. 1 (2009): 89–112.

18. Ginsberg, Roy H., and Michael E. Smith. “Understanding the European Union as a Global Political Actor: Theory, Practice, and Impact.” In Making History: European Integration and Institutional Change at Fifty, edited by Sophie Meunier and Kathleen R. McNamara, 267–281. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007.

19. Juncos, Ana E. “Resilience as the New EU Foreign Policy Paradigm: A Pragmatist Turn?” European Security 26, no. 1 (2017): 1–18. https://doi.org/10.1080.09662839.2016.1247809.

20. Kazharski Aliaksei, and Andrey Makarychev. “Suturing the Neighborhood? Russia and the EU in Confl ictual Intersubjectivity.” Problems of PostCommunism 62, no. 6 (2015): 328–339. https://doi.org/10.1080.10758216.2015.1057077.

21. Keukeleire, Stephan, and Tom Delreux. The Foreign Policy of the European Union. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014.

22. Laatikainen, Katie Verlin, and Karen E. Smith (eds). The European Union at the United Nations. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006.

23. Lane, David. “Post-Communist States and the European Union.” Journal of Communist Studies and Transition Politics 24, no. 4 (2007): 461–477. https://doi.org/10.1080/13523270701674558.

24. Lukyanov, Fyodor. “Russian Dilemmas in a Multipolar World.” Journal of International Aff airs 63, no. 2 (2010): 19–32.

25. Pänke, Julian. “Liberal Empire, Geopolitics and EU Strategy: Norms and Interests in European Foreign Policy Making.” Geopolitics 24, no. 1: 100–123. https://doi.org/10.1080/14650045.2018.1528545.

26. Pollack, Mark A. “Rational Choice and Historical Institutionalism.” In European Integration Theory, edited by Antje Wiener, Tanja A. Börzel, and Thomas Risse, 108–127. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2019.

27. Mahoney, James, and Kathleen Thelen. “A Theory of Gradual Institutional Change.” In Explaining Institutional Change: Ambiguity, Agency, and Power, edited by James Mahoney and Kathleen Thelen, 1–37. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010.

28. Makarychev, Andrey. Russia and the EU in a Multipolar World: Discourses, Identities, Norms. Stuttgart: Ibidem-Verlag, 2014.

29. Meunier Sophie, and Kathleen R. McNamara, eds.

30. Making History: European Integration and Institutional Change at Fifty. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007.

31. Missiroli, Antonio. “The ENP in Future Perspective.” In The European Neighbourhood Policy in Perspective: Context, Implementation and Impact, edited by Richard G. Whitman and Stefan Wolff , 259–270. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010.

32. Neuman, Marek. Too Small to Make an Impact? The Czech Republic’s Infl uence on the European Union’s Foreign Policy. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang, 2015.

33. Noutcheva, Gergana. “Whose Legitimacy? The EU and Russia in Contest for the Eastern Neighbourhood.” Democratization 25, no. 2 (2018): 312–330. https://doi.org/10.1080.13510347.2017.1363186.

34. Pierson, Paul. “The Path to European Integration: A Historical Institutional Analysis.” Comparative Political Studies 29, no. 2 (1996): 123–163.

35. Rittberger, Berthold. “Which Institutions for Post-War Europe? Explaining the Institutional Design of Europe’s First Community.” Journal of European Public Policy 8, no. 5 (2011): 673–708. https://doi.org/10.1080.13501760110083464.

36. Rosamond, Ben. “The Uniting of Europe and the Foundation of EU Studies: Revisiting the Neofunctionalism of Ernst B. Haas.” Journal of European Pubic Policy 12, no. 2 (2005): 237–254. https://doi.org/10.1080.13501760500043928.

37. Sasse, Gwendolyn. “The European Neighbourhood Policy: Conditionality Revisited for the EU’s Eastern Neighbours.” Europe-Asia Studies 60, no. 2 (2008): 295–316. https://doi.org//10.1080.09668130701820150.

38. Sasse, Gwendolyn. “The European Neighbourhood Policy and Confl ict Management: A Comparison of Moldova and the Caucasus.” Ethnopolitics 8, no. 3–4 (2009): 369–386. https://doi.org/10.1080.17449050903086971.

39. Saurugger, Sabine. “Sociological Institutionalism and European Integration.” In Oxford Encyclopedia of European Union Politics, edited by Finn Laursen. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2020.

40. Schmidt, Vivien A. “Discursive Institutionalism: The Explanatory Power of Ideas and Discourse.” Annual Review of Political Science 11, no. 11 (2008): 303–326. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.polisci.11.060606.135342.

41. Schneider, Gerald, and Anastasia Ershova. “Rational Choice Institutionalism and European Integration.” In Oxford Encyclopedia of European Union Politics, edited by Finn Laursen. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2020.

42. Smith, Martin A. “Russia and Multipolarity since the End of the Cold War.” East European Politics 29, no. 1 (2013): 36–57. https://doi.org/10.1080/21599165.2013.764481.

43. Smith, Karen E. “The Outsiders: The European Neighbourhood Policy.” International Aff airs 81, no. 4 (2005): 757–773.

44. Smith, Michael E. “Diplomacy by Decree: The Legalization of EU Foreign Policy.” Journal of Common Market Studies 39, no. 1 (2001): 79–104.

45. Tocci, Nathalie. “Firm in Rhetoric, Compromising in Reality: The EU in the Israeli-Palestinian Confl ict.” Ethnopolitics 8, no. 3–4 (2009): 387–401. https://doi.org/10.1080.17449050903086989.

46. Tocci, Nathalie. “Resilience and the role of the European Union in the World.” Contemporary Security Studies 41, no. 2 (2020): 176–194. https://doi.org.10.1080.13523560.2019.1640342.

47. Tonra, Ben, and Thomas Christiansen, eds. Rethinking European Union Foreign Policy. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2004.

48. Trenin, Dmitri. “Russia’s Spheres of Interest, not Infl uence.” The Washington Quarterly 32, no. 4 (2009): 3–22. https://doi.org/10.1080.01636600903231089.

49. Vachudova, Milada Anna. “Historical Institutionalism and the EU’s Eastward Enlargement.” In Making History: European Integration and Institutional Change at Fifty, edited by Sophie Meunier, and Kathleen R. McNamara, 105–120. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007.

50. Verdun, Amy. “A Historical Institutionalist Explanation of the EU’s Response to the Euro Area Financial Crisis.” Journal of European Public Policy 22, no. 2 (2015): 219–237. https://doi.org/10.1080.13501763.2014.994023.

51. Wallace, William. “European Foreign Policy since the Cold War: How Ambitious, How Inhibited?” The British Journal of Politics and International Relations 19, no. 1 (2017): 77–90. https://doi.org/10.1177/1369148116685297.


Для цитирования:


Нойман М. Исторический институционализм и эволюция внешней политики Европейского союза после окончания холодной войны. Международная аналитика. 2021;12(3):72-86. https://doi.org/10.46272/2587-8476-2021-12-3-72-86

For citation:


Neuman М. Historical Institutionalism and the European Union’s post-Cold War Foreign Policy Development. Journal of International Analytics. 2021;12(3):72-86. https://doi.org/10.46272/2587-8476-2021-12-3-72-86

Просмотров: 152


Creative Commons License
Контент доступен под лицензией Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.


ISSN 2587-8476 (Print)
ISSN 2541-9633 (Online)