Международная аналитика

Расширенный поиск


Полный текст:


One hundred years ago, the British Empire controlled a quarter of the world’s area and population. Today only a dozen tiny islands remain of this once great empire. However, the British left a huge and permanent legacy behind in terms of the English language, a rule of law, banking, Protestantism, team sports, and parliamentary institutions. While some historians, notably Niall Ferguson, hold that the British legacy was a positive one, most historians believe the legacy was a negative one. Instead of being liberal and democratic, the British Empire was anti-democratic. Instead of fostering free trade, the Empire was protectionist toward the outside world. Notions of class and hierarchy were crucial. This article examines the British legacy in two former colonies in Asia--one huge and one tiny: India and Hong Kong. While in Hong Kong, Britain’s legacy has been fairly positive, in India it is quite negative. The British Empire was not a prelude to a modern 21st century Western world of democracy, multiculturalism, and liberal economics. The British Empire was something different-snobbery, hierarchy, and individualism, and must be understood on its own terms.

Ключевые слова

Об авторе

M. Share
University of Macau

Список литературы

1. Carroll J. M. A Concise History of Hong Kong. New York: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 1999.

2. Darwin J. Britain and Decolonization: The Retreat from Empire in the post-war world. London: Macmillan, 1988.

3. Ferguson N. Empire: the Rise and Demise of the British World Order and the Lessons for Global Power. New York: Basic Books, 2002.

4. Gott R. Britain’s Empire: Resistance, Repression and Revolt. London: Verso, 2011.

5. Kwarteng K. Ghosts of Empire: Britain’s Legacies in the Modern World. New York: Public Affairs, 2011.

6. Lloyd T. O. The British Empire: 1558-1995. 2nd Edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996.

7. Porter B. A Lion’s Share: A Short History of British Imperialism, 1850-1970. New York: Longman, 1975.

8. Tharoor Sh. Inglorious Empire: What the British Did to India. London: Hurst @ Company, 2016.

9. The Oxford History of the British Empire. Vol. IV. The Twentieth Century. Ed. by Brown, J. M., Roger Louis Wm. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999

Для цитирования:

Share M. GHOSTS OF AN EMPIRE: BRITISH LEGACIES IN ASIA. Международная аналитика. 2018;(1):45-51.

Просмотров: 68

Creative Commons License
Контент доступен под лицензией Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

ISSN 2587-8476 (Print)
ISSN 2541-9633 (Online)